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How to commit in a trigger?
 
10:54
This video is a free video tutorial on how to commit or rollback in a pl/sql trigger, it demonstrates the use of pragma autonomous_transaction and commit in a trigger, also it shows various scenarios which would lead to misleading data and exceptions that would be raised if pragma autonomous_transaction is not properly used in the trigger.
Views: 2907 Kishan Mashru
What is Autonomous transaction in Oracle
 
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What is Autonomous transaction in Oracle. This is very frequently asking question in Interview. Hello Friend, in this Video You can learn how we can give the answer of Autonomous Transactions. An autonomous transaction is available from Oracle 8i. It is a very cool, useful, unique and powerful feature in oracle. An autonomous transaction is an independent transaction that is initiated by another transaction. It must contain at least one Structured Query Language (SQL) statement. When an autonomous transaction is called, the original transaction (calling transaction) is temporarily suspended. The autonomous transaction must commit or roll back before it returns control to the calling transaction. Once changes have been made by an autonomous transaction, those changes are visible to other transactions in the database. Autonomous transactions can be nested. For use Autonomous Transactions feature in program we have to use PRAGMA AUTONOMOUS_TRANSACTION Key word in Program When to use Autonomous Transactions? • Logging mechanism you need to log an error to your database log table. On the other hand, you need to roll back your core transaction because of the error. And you don't want to roll back over other log entries. • Commits and rollbacks in your database triggers If you define a trigger as an autonomous transaction, then you can commit and/or roll back in that code. • Software usage meter You want to keep track of how often a program is called during an application session. This information is not dependent on, and cannot affect, the transaction being processed in the application. Mutation Error Using autonomous transaction we can avoid mutation error. IF you want to share with your friend this video you can copy below block of text with link and past your friend group. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- What is autonomous transaction in Oracle This is a very frequently ask Question in Interview Please Share this video with your friends and Oracle groups and communities. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gyvFajpfoWE ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- For More video's you can use blow link. https://www.youtube.com/user/rameshwargupta1/videos Join With us our Facebook Group for PLSQL Interview Q/A https://www.facebook.com/groups/146487615764170/ Join our Blogs http://oracletemple.blogspot.in/ Watch More... What is Parameterized Cursor in Oracle https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JMKwHlVi6-A What is autonomous transaction in Oracle. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gyvFajpfoWE What are Constraints available in Oracle. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WivhdLXQklQ What is Mutation Error and How to avoid mutation. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CbWNCyW18Bs 5 Effective way to delete Duplicate rows https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1wtTtnc87Oc What is Difference between Delete and Truncate https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7b6wQ3Qumgg
Views: 13745 Ram Gupta
Insert and Commit: Databases for Developers #7
 
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You load data into your database tables with an insert statement. In this episode Chris discusses how to use single and multirow inserts and their pros and cons. He also covers how to persist your changes to the database with commit. See the full syntax for insert in the SQL reference guide: http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/SQLRF/INSERT.htm#SQLRF01604 Take the Databases for Developers FREE SQL course at https://devgym.oracle.com/devgym/database-for-developers.html Need help with SQL? Ask us over on AskTOM: https://asktom.oracle.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChrisRSaxon Daily SQL Twitter tips: https://twitter.com/SQLDaily All Things SQL blog: https://blogs.oracle.com/sql/ ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 5027 The Magic of SQL
COMMIT and ROLLBACK (Introduction to Oracle SQL)
 
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An explanation of what COMMIT and ROLLBACK is. The full Introduction to Oracle SQL course is available here: https://www.databasestar.com/introduction-to-oracle-sql-course/
Views: 857 Database Star
Triggers: Answer This Question Before You Commit
 
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How do you know which conflicts are useful and which are counter-productive? Follow this simple formula and you’ll find out! Conflict is an unavoidable part of our lives, whether we’re CEOs, entrepreneurs, parents, spouses, engineers or ditch diggers. In some cases, conflict stimulates us to accomplish great things. It can also drag us off course, eroding our relationships, stalling our careers and keeping us from becoming the people we want to become. So which conflicts are useful and which are counter-productive? As an executive coach, I’ve been helping successful leaders achieve positive, lasting change in behavior for more than 35 years. My experience with great leaders has led me to develop a simple formulation, one that can help you avoid pointless skirmishes and help you take on the challenges that really matter. Follow it, and you will dramatically shrink your daily volume of stress, unpleasant debate and wasted time. I phrase it as a question: AM I WILLING AT THIS TIME TO MAKE THE INVESTMENT REQUIRED TO MAKE A POSITIVE DIFFERENCE ON THIS TOPIC? It pops into my head so often each day that I’ve turned the first five words into an acronym, AIWATT (which I find appropriately rhymes with Say What?). AIWATT doesn’t require you to do anything, it merely helps you avoid doing something you’ll regret. Please check out The Marshall Goldsmith Thinkers50 Video Blog which will be posted once a week for the next 50 weeks! It will incorporate learnings from What Got You Here Won't Get You There, MOJO, Coaching for Leadership, and Succession: Are You Ready? as well as Marshall’s newest book Triggers (to be published by Crown in 2015). On November 2013, Marshall was recognized again as one of the top ten Most Influential Business Thinkers in the World – and the top-ranked executive coach – at the biennial Thinkers50 Award ceremony in London. More about Marshall at www.marshallgoldsmith.com.
Views: 6361 Marshall Goldsmith
ORACLE AFTER INSERT TRIGGER
 
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http://link.tl/1jI9w ORACLE AFTER INSERT TRIGGER
Views: 7615 Selahattin ÇALIK
Oracle materialized view refresh fast on commit
 
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The tutorial presents how to create materialized view log and materialized view on commit refresh in Oracle. More free tutorials video, visit http://www.learn-with-video-tutorials.com
Use of Triggers - How to Update Read Only Views
 
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How to update read only views using Instead of Triggers For Full Course Experience Please Go To http://mentorsnet.org/course_preview?course_id=5 Full Course Experience Includes 1. Access to course videos and exercises 2. View & manage your progress/pace 3. In-class projects and code reviews 4. Personal guidance from your Mentors
Views: 7530 Oresoft LWC
PL/SQL tutorial 22: How To Create Instead-Of Insert Trigger in Oracle Database
 
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Learn how to create Instead of Insert trigger in oracle database on the view by Manish Sharma RebellionRider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ My New YouTube Channel ►► http://bit.ly/New-YT-Channel Blog: http://bit.ly/instead-of-insert-trigger Previous Tutorial ► SQL Tutorial 60 View: https://youtu.be/_T6vZVkWzQI ► Startup Trigger: https://youtu.be/UQtsKJ-MPyQ ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ ___Facebook Official Page___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 31733 Manish Sharma
PL/SQL Tutorial: PLSQL DDL Triggers with examples
 
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PLSQL DDL Triggers with examples SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 166 TechLake
048-Oracle SQL 12c: Commit and rollback
 
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تعلم اوراكل حتى الاحتراف تعلم اوراكل من الصفر
Views: 1613 khaled alkhudari
99/125 Oracle PLSQL: Creating Triggers / DDL Triggers
 
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Creating Triggers in oracle Creating DDL Triggers ora_sysevent ora_dict_obj_owner ora_dict_obj_name Learn Oracle PLSQL EXAM 1Z0-144
Views: 460 khaled alkhudari
PL/SQL Tutorial: What is Mutating Table Error  What is Mutating Trigger Error
 
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PL/SQL Tutorial: What is Mutating Table Error in Triggers What is Mutating Table Error? OR What is Mutating Trigger Error? SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 2085 TechLake
PL/SQL: Mutating Triggers Part-1
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn... PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 23006 radhikaravikumar
How to insert or update a view using instead of trigger in PL SQL
 
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How to insert or update a view using instead of trigger in Oracle. Starting from creating view, creating instead of trigger on that view and updating base table inside the view a complete Sql Tutorial / PL Sql Tutorial to understand the functionality of instead of.
Views: 5515 Subhroneel Ganguly
Oracle DBA Justin - How to create a trigger which fires when a user logs off of an Oracle database
 
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Oracle DBA Justin - How to create a trigger which fires when a user logs off of an Oracle database
Views: 4112 jbleistein11
Oracle tutorial : Autonomous Transactions in Oracle 11g PL SQL-PRAGMA
 
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Oracle tutorial : Autonomous Transactions in Oracle 11g PL SQL-PRAGMA What is pragma autonomous_transaction An autonomous transaction is an independent transaction to the main or parent transaction. If an Autonomous transaction is started by another transaction it is not nested, but independent of parent transaction. PRAGMA autonomous_transaction 1)In Oracle session, all of the changes made to data are part of a single transaction. 2)An autonomous transaction is an independent transaction started within another transaction (the main transaction). 3)Autonomous transactions allow you to temporarily suspend the main transaction, perform additional SQL operations, commit or rollback those operations separately, then resume the main transaction. 4)To define an autonomous transaction, we can use a PRAGMA statement PRAGMA AUTONOMOUS_TRANSACTION; CREATE TABLE log_data ( empno NUMBER(6), userid VARCHAR2(30), create_date DATE ); CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER add_log BEFORE INSERT OR UPDATE ON employee FOR EACH ROW DECLARE PRAGMA AUTONOMOUS_TRANSACTION; — This statement made this autonomous this trigger BEGIN INSERT INTO log_data VALUES (:new.id, USER, SYSDATE); COMMIT; END; / Insert into EMPLOYEE (ID, NAME, CITY, SALARY, DEPT_NO) Values (20, ‘MY Tech Query’, ‘Mumbai’, 20000, 1) ROLLBACK; SELECT * FROM EMPLOYEE SELECT * FROM LOG_DATA https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpiyAesWNYOXSz5GPq8lbkA For more tutorial please visit #techquerypond https://techquerypond.com https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond
Views: 2485 Tech Query Pond
81- Oracle PL/SQL Triggers (الجزء العملى)
 
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by Mohamed El Desouki - محمد الدسوقى [email protected] Tel :00966 553450836 جامعة سلمان بن عبد العزيز - السعودية - الخرج Database 2 - Oracle PL/SQL Triggers in Arabic Text Book: Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5th Edition, by Elmasri/Navathe, published by Addison-W
Commit and rollback
 
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Transacciones SQL en Oracle 11g
Views: 187 Eduardo Eduardoo
Oracle DBA Justin - DDL statements implicitly commit database transactions.
 
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DDL statements implicitly commit database transactions.
Views: 1544 jbleistein11
DDL Triggers in sql server
 
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ddl trigger example ddl trigger example in sql server ddl triggers can be used to In this video we will discuss DDL Triggers in sql server. In SQL Server there are 4 types of triggers 1. DML Triggers - Data Manipulation Language. Discussed in Parts 43 to 47 of SQL Server Tutorial. 2. DDL Triggers - Data Definition Language 3. CLR triggers - Common Language Runtime 4. Logon triggers What are DDL triggers DDL triggers fire in response to DDL events - CREATE, ALTER, and DROP (Table, Function, Index, Stored Procedure etc...). For the list of all DDL events please visit https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb522542.aspx Certain system stored procedures that perform DDL-like operations can also fire DDL triggers. Example - sp_rename system stored procedure What is the use of DDL triggers If you want to execute some code in response to a specific DDL event To prevent certain changes to your database schema Audit the changes that the users are making to the database structure Syntax for creating DDL trigger CREATE TRIGGER [Trigger_Name] ON [Scope (Server|Database)] FOR [EventType1, EventType2, EventType3, ...], AS BEGIN -- Trigger Body END DDL triggers scope : DDL triggers can be created in a specific database or at the server level. The following trigger will fire in response to CREATE_TABLE DDL event. Use SampleDB Go CREATE TRIGGER trMyFirstTrigger ON Database FOR CREATE_TABLE AS BEGIN Print 'New table created' END To check if the trigger has been created 1. In the Object Explorer window, expand the SampleDB database by clicking on the plus symbol. 2. Expand Programmability folder 3. Expand Database Triggers folder Please note : If you can't find the trigger that you just created, make sure to refresh the Database Triggers folder. When you execute the following code to create the table, the trigger will automatically fire and will print the message - New table created Create Table Test (Id int) The above trigger will be fired only for one DDL event CREATE_TABLE. If you want this trigger to be fired for multiple events, for example when you alter or drop a table, then separate the events using a comma as shown below. ALTER TRIGGER trMyFirstTrigger ON Database FOR CREATE_TABLE, ALTER_TABLE, DROP_TABLE AS BEGIN Print 'A table has just been created, modified or deleted' END Now if you create, alter or drop a table, the trigger will fire automatically and you will get the message - A table has just been created, modified or deleted. The 2 DDL triggers above execute some code in response to DDL events (CREATE_TABLE, ALTER_TABLE, DROP_TABLE). Now let us look at an example of how to prevent users from creating, altering or dropping tables. To do this modify the trigger as shown below. ALTER TRIGGER trMyFirstTrigger ON Database FOR CREATE_TABLE, ALTER_TABLE, DROP_TABLE AS BEGIN Rollback Print 'You cannot create, alter or drop a table' END To be able to create, alter or drop a table, you either have to disable or delete the trigger. To disable trigger 1. Right click on the trigger in object explorer and select "Disable" from the context menu 2. You can also disable the trigger using the following T-SQL command DISABLE TRIGGER trMyFirstTrigger ON DATABASE To enable trigger 1. Right click on the trigger in object explorer and select "Enable" from the context menu 2. You can also enable the trigger using the following T-SQL command ENABLE TRIGGER trMyFirstTrigger ON DATABASE To drop trigger 1. Right click on the trigger in object explorer and select "Delete" from the context menu 2. You can also drop the trigger using the following T-SQL command DROP TRIGGER trMyFirstTrigger ON DATABASE Certain system stored procedures that perform DDL-like operations can also fire DDL triggers. The following trigger will be fired when ever you rename a database object using sp_rename system stored procedure. CREATE TRIGGER trRenameTable ON DATABASE FOR RENAME AS BEGIN Print 'You just renamed something' END The following code changes the name of the TestTable to NewTestTable. When this code is executed, it will fire the trigger trRenameTable sp_rename 'TestTable', 'NewTestTable' The following code changes the name of the Id column in NewTestTable to NewId. When this code is executed, it will fire the trigger trRenameTable sp_rename 'NewTestTable.Id' , 'NewId', 'column' Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/ddl-triggers-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/ddl-triggers-in-sql-server_9.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 57163 kudvenkat
ORACLE Mutating tables and Mutating triggers
 
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This video will give you complete understanding of Mutating concept, Mutating tables and Mutating triggers.
Views: 1457 amit wadbude
PL/SQL tutorial 19: How To Create Database Event  'LogOn' Trigger In Oracle By Manish Sharma
 
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RebellionRider.com presents Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial 19: Logon Trigger a type of database event trigger also known as Systeme Event triggers in Oracle Database. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/log-on-trigger Previous Tutorial ► DDL Trigger https://youtu.be/XLBNKDUrHs0 ► Intro Of Triggers [Interview] https://youtu.be/R3fvX_xf5P4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 33090 Manish Sharma
SQL TCL commands Commit, Rollback and Savepoint
 
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SQL TCL commands Commit, Rollback, Savepoint www.pravendragaur.com
Views: 9280 Pravendra Gaur
Oracle Tutorial||onlinetraining||pl/sql|| Mutating Triggers by Basha
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
PL/SQL: Mutating Triggers Part-2
 
08:41
In this tutorial, you'll learn... PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 13979 radhikaravikumar
Sql triggers tutorial in hindi
 
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What is a Trigger : A trigger is a special kind of a store procedure that executes in response to certain action on the table like insertion, deletion or updation of data. It is a database object which is bound to a table and is executed automatically. Types Of Triggers 1. After Triggers (For Triggers) : After Insert, After Update, After Delete 2. Instead Of Triggers CREATE TABLE tblemployee(Emp_ID INT Identity,Emp_name Varchar(100),Emp_Sal Decimal (10,2)) INSERT INTO tblemployee VALUES ('Anand',15000); INSERT INTO tblemployee VALUES ('Neha',12400); INSERT INTO tblemployee VALUES ('Sohan',11500); INSERT INTO tblemployee VALUES ('Vijay',15500); INSERT INTO tblemployee VALUES ('Sapna',14000); I will be creating an AFTER INSERT TRIGGER which will insert the rows inserted into the table into another log table. The main purpose of this log table is to record the changes in the main table. Now, create the log table as:- CREATE TABLE Employee_Log (Emp_ID int,Emp_name varchar(100),Emp_Sal decimal (10,2),Log_Action varchar(100),log_Timestamp datetime) (a) After Insert Trigger This trigger is fired after an INSERT on the table. Let’s create the trigger as: CREATE TRIGGER trgAfterInsert ON tblemployee After INSERT AS declare @empid int declare @empname varchar(100) declare @empsal decimal(10,2) declare @log_action varchar(100) select @empid=i.Emp_ID, @empname=i.Emp_Name, @empsal=i.Emp_Sal from inserted i; set @log_action='Inserted Record -- After Insert Trigger.'; insert into Employee_log (Emp_ID,Emp_Name,Emp_Sal,Log_Action,Log_Timestamp) values(@empid,@empname,@empsal,@log_action,getdate()); PRINT 'AFTER INSERT trigger fired.' GO The CREATE TRIGGER statement is used to create the trigger. THE ON clause specifies the table name on which the trigger is to be attached. The after INSERT specifies that this is an AFTER INSERT trigger. In the trigger body, table named inserted has been used. This table is a logical table and contains the row that has been inserted. I have selected the fields from the logical inserted table from the row that has been inserted into different variables, and finally inserted those values into the log table. To see the newly created trigger in action, lets insert a row into the main table as: insert into tblemployee values('Ram',10500); Now, a record has been inserted into the tblemployee table. The AFTER INSERT trigger attached tothis table has inserted the record into the Employee_Log as: 6 Ram 10500.00 Inserted Record -- After Insert Trigger. 2016-10-10 08:28:00.500 (b) AFTER UPDATE Trigger This trigger is fired after an update on the table. Let’s create the trigger as: CREATE TRIGGER trgAfterUpdate ON tblemployee After UPDATE AS declare @empid int; declare @empname varchar(100); declare @empsal decimal(10,2); declare @log_action varchar(100); select @empid=i.Emp_ID, select @empname=i.Emp_Name, select @empsal=i.Emp_Sal from inserted i; if update(Emp_Name) set @alog_action='Updated Record -- After Update Trigger.'; if update(Emp_Sal) set @log_action='Updated Record -- After Update Trigger.'; insert into Employee_Log(Emp_ID,Emp_Name,Emp_Sal,Log_Action,Log_Timestamp) values(@empid,@empname,@empsal,@log_action,getdate()); PRINT 'AFTER UPDATE Trigger fired.' GO The AFTER UPDATE Trigger is created in which the updated record is inserted into the log table. There is no logical table updated like the logical table inserted. We can obtain the updated value of a field from theupdate(column_name) function. In our trigger, we have used, if update(Emp_Name) to check if the column Emp_Name has been updated. We have similarly checked the column Emp_Sal for an update. Let’s update a record column and see what happens. update tblemployee set Emp_Sal=15000 where Emp_ID=6 This inserts the row into the audit table as: 6 Ram 15000.00 Updated Record -- After Update Trigger. 2016-10-10 08:28:00.500 (c) AFTER DELETE Trigger This trigger is fired after a delete on the table. Let’s create the trigger as: CREATE TRIGGER trgAfterDelete ON tblemployee AFTER DELETE AS declare @empid int; declare @empname varchar(100); declare @empsal decimal(10,2); declare @log_action varchar(100); select @empid=d.Emp_ID, @empname=d.Emp_Name, select @empsal=d.Emp_Sal from deleted d; set @log_action='Deleted -- After Delete Trigger.'; insert into Employee_log (Emp_ID,Emp_Name,Emp_Sal,Log_Action,Log_Timestamp) values(@empid,@empname,@empsal,@Log_action,getdate()); PRINT 'AFTER DELETE TRIGGER fired.' GO In this trigger, the deleted record’s data is picked from the logical deleted table and inserted into the Log table. Let’s fire a delete on the main table. A record has been inserted into the audit table as: 6 Ram 15000.00 Deleted -- After Delete Trigger. 2016-10-10 08:28:00.500 http://www.libitsolutions.com
Views: 49090 Learn Everything
Transactions in SQL
 
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Follow this tutorial to learn how to use Transactions in SQL and see how we can roll back to previous changes done in database. Don't forget to check out our site http://howtech.tv/ for more free how-to videos! http://youtube.com/ithowtovids - our feed http://www.facebook.com/howtechtv - join us on facebook https://plus.google.com/103440382717658277879 - our group in Google+ A transaction in SQL is basically the process of one or more changes being made in the database. In this tutorial we will learn the three basic controls of transactions in SQL which are COMMIT, ROLLBACK, and SAVEPOINT Step 1- Commit Command The Commit command is used to save the changes made in the database. To see its implementation, start by first beginning the transaction. Before starting any Transaction in SQL, we have to write the Begin Transaction statement. After that, write the actual action which is required, for example delete from the employee table, where the salary is greater than $2500. After that, write the Commit keyword which confirms that the query is logically correct and can be executed. The Query in this case would be: begin trandelete from EMP where SAL 2500 commit Now when we run the query, a message appears below the Query Editor which shows the number of rows that have been affected by our query. Step 2- Effect of Commit Command After that, fetch all the records from the employee table and it can be seen that all the records which have a salary above $2500 have been deleted. Step 3- Save Points Now let's examine the SAVE POINT command. To understand the concept, we will take an example of a departmental table. Start writing the query by beginning a transaction and then entering in the "Save Transaction" command followed by the transaction name. After that, let's delete a record with the Department number as 10 and then again save the transaction. This time, define the save point as point2. With that done, delete another department, and save the transaction, defining it as point3. Actual Query would be like this: begin tran save tran point1 delete from DEPT where DEPTNO=10 save tran point2 delete from DEPT where DEPTNO=20 save tran point3 After executing it, 2 rows would get affected. Step 4- Departments Deleted Now, see the department table to view the changes. For that, let's fetch all the records from the table. It can be seen that department "10" and "20" has been deleted from the table. Step 5- Roll Back If we want to track back to the previous changes, we can use the save points created earlier along with the Rollback transaction command. The rollback transaction allows us to remove all the modifications made to the data, either from the start of the transaction or to a defined save point. For that, we will use the rollback transaction statement and define the save point after that. Over here, let's roll back to point number 2. The Query would be: rollback tran point2 select * from DEPT Once we execute the query, and fetch all the records from the table, it can be seen that the table now contains the data up till point number 2 in the query. And this is how we can use Transactions in SQL.
What is Mutation in oracle
 
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After watching this video you can get clear understanding about Mutation error and how we can avoid mutation in program. Below is link for Useful Pl/SQL Books http://goo.gl/XMy0tt Watch More... What is Parameterized Cursor in Oracle https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JMKwHlVi6-A What is autonomous transaction in Oracle. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gyvFajpfoWE What are Constraints available in Oracle. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WivhdLXQklQ What is Mutation Error and How to avoid mutation. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CbWNCyW18Bs 5 Effective way to delete Duplicate rows https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1wtTtnc87Oc What is Difference between Delete and Truncate https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7b6wQ3Qumgg
Views: 15338 Ram Gupta
18  Savepoint, Rollback and Commit in Oracle HIGH (www.notescloud.in)
 
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For more RGPV notes visit http://www.notescloud.in
Views: 33 akshansh verma
Oracle Row Level Triggers Session 4
 
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Oracle SQL PLSQL and Unix Shell Scripting
Views: 354 Sridhar Raghavan
oracle Instead of triggers
 
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Descriptionmy website is coming soon (In Ramadan 2016) موقعي سيكون موقع احترافي من الدرجه الاولى و سينافس اقوى المواقغ العالميه [email protected]
Views: 285 khaled alkhudari
100/125 Oracle PLSQL: Creating Triggers / Database Events
 
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Creating Triggers in oracle Database Events Triggers in oracle Learn Oracle PLSQL EXAM 1Z0-144
Views: 472 khaled alkhudari
SQL: Transaction Part-1
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn what are transaction and nature of transaction. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 2909 radhikaravikumar
Oracle DBA Justin - How to disable and re-enable an Oracle database trigger
 
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How to disable and re-enable an Oracle database trigge
Views: 1648 jbleistein11
Oracle Hints Tutorial for improving performance
 
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Oracle Hints Tutorial for improving performance APPEND PARALLEL JOIN INDEX NO_INDEX SELECT /*+ FIRST_ROWS(10) */ * FROM emp WHERE deptno = 10; SELECT /*+ ALL_ROWS */ * FROM emp WHERE deptno = 10; SELECT /*+ NO_INDEX(emp emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; SELECT /*+ INDEX(e,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp e WHERE e.deptno = 10; -- SELECT /*+ INDEX(scott.emp,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM scott.emp; SELECT /*+ AND_EQUAL(e,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp e; SELECT /*+ INDEX_JOIN(e,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp e; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL_INDEX(e,emp_dept_idx , 8) */ * FROM emp e; SELECT /*+ LEADING (dept) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL(8) CACHE (e) FULL (e) */ * FROM emp e ; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL FULL (e) */ * FROM emp e ; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL USE_MERGE (emp dept) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; -- SORT Merge Join SELECT /*+ PARALLEL USE_HASH (emp dept) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; -- Hash Join SELECT /*+ PARALLEL */ * FROM emp e ; INSERT /*+ APPEND */ INTO mytmp select /*+ CACHE (e) */ *from emp e; commit;
Views: 4939 TechLake
95/125 Oracle PLSQL: Creating Triggers / Compound triggers 2
 
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Learn Oracle PLSQL Creating Triggers in oracle Compound triggers in oracle EXAM 1Z0-144
Views: 522 khaled alkhudari
18-Oracle forms 11g – Transaction Processing اوراكل فورمز
 
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مرحبا بكم فى درس اليوممن دروس اوراكل فورمز نتحدث عن: Oracle forms - Transaction Processing Pre-commit Pre-delete Pre-insert Pre-update On-delete On-insert On-update Post-delete Post-insert Post-update Post-forms-commit Post –database-commit ......................................­.................... لو عندك اى سؤال خش على الجروب : https://www.facebook.com/groups/oracle.askgad ......................................­.................... لمتابعة كل ماهو جديد من خلال صفحتنا https://www.facebook.com/askgad
Views: 1037 Ask Gad
part 23 standard commit
 
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standard.commit, FRM40401-no change to save, difference between commit and standard commit.
Views: 2753 Dr. Girija Narasimhan
Oracle DBA Justin - How to drop/delete an Oracle database trigger
 
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How to drop/delete an Oracle database trigger
Views: 1145 jbleistein11
Oracle ADF Show Message After Commit - Arabic
 
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هذا الفيديو يوضح كيفية عمل Message للصحفة بعد تنفيذ Commit باستخدام ADF Framework source code : http://said-adf.blogspot.com/2013/05/oracle-adf-show-message-after-commit.html
Views: 4406 AhmadSaid21

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